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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-25

Pharmacognostical Studies on Balanophora fungosa - a Negative Listed Plant


AgroTech, R&D Center, The Himalaya Drug Company, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
R Kannan
AgroTech, R&D Center, The Himalaya Drug Company, Bangalore
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 22736886

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Balanophora fungosa Forster & Forster ssp. indica (Arn.) B. Hansen var. indica, (Balanophoraceae) syn. B. indica, is a root parasite found in hills of south India. This plant is included in the list of negative list, which are restricted and prohibited for export. Though it is not an official drug in any of the indigenous systems of medicine in India, it is used in tribal medicines in south India. However, it is found in crude drug markets as substitute/adulterant for the Ayurvedic drug Gajapippali (Scindapsus officinalis). Few phytochemical constituents were reported on this plant. However, there is no pharmacognostical report to authenticate the commercial samples of B. fungosa and to differentiate them from Scindapsus officinalis. This article describes the pharmacognostical characteristics of Balanophora fungosa and diagnostic features to differentiate it from Scindapsus officinalis.


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