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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 25

OA01.25.The first direct experimental evidence correlating ayurveda based tridosha prakriti, with western constitutional psychology somatotypes

1 Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, Swami Vivekanda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana University, 19 Ekanath Bhavan, Gavipuram Circle, Kempegowda Nagar, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Sushruta Ayurvedic Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Kashinath G Metri
Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, Swami Vivekanda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana University, 19 Ekanath Bhavan, Gavipuram Circle, Kempegowda Nagar, Bangalore, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Purpose: Ayurveda is one of the most ancient systems of medical health care. The basic principles, diagnosis of the diseases and their treatment are based on individual prakriti (constitutional type). Ayurveda further classifies the prakriti of an individual on the basis of a set of psychosomatic attributes of personality, depending on whether this individual belongs to Vata, Pitta, or Kapha prakriti, or any combination of them (Patwardhan et al., 2005). The appropriate prakriti assessment is done by several means including questionnaires (Rastogi, 2012; Shilpa and Venkatesha-Murthy, 2011). We aimed to obtain experimental evidence correlating Ayurveda based tridosha-prakriti with western constitutional psychology somatotypes (Rizzo-Sierra, 2011). Method : We employed our Tridosha-prakriti questionnaire (Ramakrishna and Nagendra, 2012), and compared its results with a set of body composition parameters: Height, body weight, body mass index (BMI), muscle mass, fat mass, and fat percentage in normal healthy volunteers (25 males and 25 females, mean age was 26 (΁ 4) and 25 (΁ 6) years respectively). Moreover, two-tailed Pearson™s correlations were investigated to match the extreme prakriti types with the western constitutional psychology somatotypes, through the mentioned body composition measures. Result: Significant negative correlations were observed between the percentage of Vata attributes as per the questionnaire in the individuals and their BMI, body weight and fat mass respectively (p<0.05). Similarly, there was a significant positive correlation between the percentage of Pitta attributes with the height, body weight, and muscle mass respectively. Also, a significant positive correlation was observed between the percentage of Kapha attributes with fat mass and fat percentage, along with a negative correlation with height. Conclusion: We provide evidence-linking Ayurveda to modern constitutional psychology. In this way, a concept such as prakriti is suggested to lie behind the body mass composition of an individual, and deserves attention within the scientific community.

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