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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 52

PA01.03. Rural health and snakebite

Deptt. Of Agad Tantra, NIA, Jaipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Arun Kumar Dutta
Deptt. Of Agad Tantra, NIA, Jaipur
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Purpose: To collect, discuss and elaborate the problem of snakebite in rural India. To give first aid measures and prevention of snakebite in rural health centre. Method: This review article is based on my personal experience and textual review collected the material about first aid measures and prevention of snakebite from brihatri, lagutri and original commentary of those. I also reviewed various modern text and websites for currant update of relevant topic. About 25,000 to 40,000 people reportedly die of snakebite in India every year, but range is likely an under estimate because of incomplete reporting. Severe flooding, by concentration of human and snake population has given rise to epidemic of snakebite in India. Mostly in rural India; snake bite is common medical emergency and an occupational hazard where farming is a major source of employment. There are at least 3000 species of snake, but only 400 species are poisonous, which means most of them is non poisonous. So most of people died due to anxiety and fear. Since rural people have to rush to nearby town and cities to get medical support, precious time is lost in traveling and in organizing support. Result: Recommended first aid measure in Snake Bite, Reassure the victim, Immobilization, Avoid manipulation of bitten area, Tourniquet. Preventions - There is various methods of preventions of snake bite which are described in full text. Conclusion: Snakebite is one of major cause of death in India. First aid measure and preventions of snake bite are essential for rural and tribal peoples due to prolonged distance of hospital from their native. Ayurveda has mentioned various first aid measure and prevention of snake bite.

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