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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 90-97

Bryophyllum pinnatum leaf extracts prevent formation of renal calculi in lithiatic rats


1 Department of Pharmacology, J. L. Chaturvedi College of Pharmacy, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Pharmacognosy, J. L. Chaturvedi College of Pharmacy, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Pharmacology, National Research Institute for Ayurveda–Siddha Human Resource Development, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Mahendra Yadav
Department of Pharmacology, J. L. Chaturvedi College of Pharmacy, Nagpur - 440 016, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/asl.ASL_90_16

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Background: Bryophyllum pinnatum, commonly known as Pattharcaṭṭa, is used traditionally in ethnomedicinal practices for the treatment of kidney stone and urinary insufficiency. Aim: The present study evaluated the effect of Bryophyllum pinnatum on ethylene glycol (EG)-induced renal calculi in rats. Materials and Methods: Renal calculi were induced in rats by administration of 0.75% EG in drinking water and co-treated orally with standard drug, Cystone (750 mg/kg), or alcoholic and hydro-alcoholic extracts in doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg for 28 days. Weekly body weights were recorded. On day 29, urolithiasis was confirmed by assessing the urinary parameters (urine volume, pH, uric acid, calcium, phosphorus, oxalate, magnesium and creatinine clearance), serum biochemical parameters (creatinine, uric acid, urea, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium), oxidative stress parameters and histology of kidney. Results: Treatment with extracts attenuated the EG-induced decrease in body weight and elevation in urinary parameters (uric acid, calcium, phosphorus and oxalate) and serum biochemical parameters (creatinine, uric acid, urea, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium). Extract treatment also reversed EG-induced decrease in urine volume, pH, magnesium and creatinine clearance, oxidative and histological damages in kidneys. Results were comparable to standard drug, Cystone. Results indicated that EG administration caused renal calculi formation which is prevented by treatment with extracts. The observed antilithiatic effect may be attributed to the presence of high content of phenolics, flavonoids and saponins in the extracts. Conclusion: Bryophyllum pinnatum leaves showed preventive effect against renal calculi formation and validates its ethnomedicinal use in urinary disorders. It further supports its therapeutic potential for the treatment of urinary calculi.


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