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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
January-March 2013
Volume 32 | Issue 3
Page Nos. 131-184

Online since Tuesday, December 17, 2013

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EDITORIAL  

Papaya, dengue fever and Ayurveda p. 131
P Ram Manohar
DOI:10.4103/0257-7941.122994  PMID:24501439
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES Top

Clinical evaluation of Vrsya effect of Pūga Khanda on sexual health and seminal parameters p. 134
Pramod C Baragi, Sathyanarayana Bhat, PK Prajapati, Umapati C Baragi
DOI:10.4103/0257-7941.122995  PMID:24501440
Background: Due to changes in life-style, the human beings are losing their Vr.s.yata- (virility). Bio-medicine hasn't been able to address this challenge. Hence, we see that many people seek the help of herbal medicines to get relief. In view of the above, it becomes necessary to provide potent formulations to address this ailment. Objectives: The study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of Pūga Khan.d.a on seminal parameters and sexual health. Materials and Methods: Pūga Khan.d.a has been mentioned as Vr.s.ya (aphrodisiac) in the 30 th chapter of Bhaiśajyaratnāvali. A simple-randomised, single-blinded, placebo-controlled study comparing this Pūga Khan.d.a preparation with a placebo was conducted in 52 patients attending O.P.D. of Department of Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana of Muniyal Institute of Ayurveda Medical Sciences, Manipal. An elaborative case taking Proforma was specially designed for this purpose incorporating all aspects of the disease in the Ayurvedic parlance. Both groups received either Pūga Khan.d.a or placebo, in empty stomach in the early morning with water, as per the randomisation plan for a period of 45 days. Patients were followed-upto 4 weeks, 43 patients (84%) had completed the trial and no adverse effects were reported. The assessment was done on the basis of changes in seminal parameters and sexual health parameters. Results: A varying degree of improvement was observed in sexual parameters viz. duration of coitus (P<0.001), frequency of coitus (P<0.01), Sexual desire (P<0.05), penile erection (P<0.01), A significant improvement was seen in duration of coitus (P< 0.001) in the group treated by Pūga Khan.d.a. Conclusion: The trial drug Pūga Khan.d.a was superior to placebo in reducing the mean sign and symptom score of seminal parameters and sexual health.
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Effect of Prunus domestica L. (mirabelle) on learning and memory in mice p. 139
Siamak Shahidi, Sara Setareye, Minoo Mahmoodi
DOI:10.4103/0257-7941.122996  PMID:24501441
Background: Plums have been known to have various pharmacological activities. Aims: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of administration of hydro-alcoholic extract of plum, using passive avoidance task. Settings and Design: Mice were divided into four groups (n = 7 each) one control and three plum (75, 100, 150 mg/kg) groups. Materials and Methods: The control group received saline and plum groups received the extract by oral gavage for 7 days. The number of trials to acquisition, step through latency (STLr) in the retention test and the time spent in the dark compartment (TDC) during the retention test were measured. Statistical Analysis: Differences between groups were tested by one-way ANOVA with Tukey post-hoc test. Results: A significant difference was found in the number of trials to acquisition between the groups. The results also indicated in the retention test, administration of 75 and 100 mg/kg plum caused an increased STLr (compared with the untreated control group). The results also showed that the total time spent in TDC by the animals of the extract groups was lower than that of the control group. Conclusions: Hydro-alcoholic extract of plum has a beneficial effect on learning and memory in passive avoidance task. It can be concluded that its antioxidant and antidyslipidemic activities may be involved in the obtained effects.
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Ethnomedicinal plants of the Bauri tribal community of Moulvibazar District, Bangladesh p. 144
Protiva Rani Das, Md. Tabibul Islam, Mohd. Nabil Mostafa, Mohammed Rahmatullah
DOI:10.4103/0257-7941.122997  PMID:24501442
Context: Bangladesh reportedly has more than 100 tribal communities; however, documentation of their medicinal practices is markedly absent. Aim: The aim of the present study was to conduct an ethnomedicinal survey among the little known Bauri tribe of Bangladesh, whose tribal medicinal practices are yet to be documented. Settings and Design: The survey was carried out among the Bauri tribal community of Purbo Tila village in Moulvibazar District. The community is believed to be the only Bauri community in the country and had four tribal healers who continue their traditional medicinal practices. Materials and Methods: Interviews of the healers were carried out with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method where the healers took the interviewers on guided field-walks through areas from where they collected their medicinal plants. Here they identified the plants and described their uses. Results: The Bauri healers were observed to use 40 different plant species and one bird species for treatment of ailments such as fever, respiratory tract disorders, pain, gastrointestinal disorders, eye problems like cataract and conjunctivitis, jaundice, abscess, cardiovascular disorders, urinary problems, paralysis, dog bite, snake bite, helminthiasis, lesions on the tongue or lips and piles. Leaves were the major plant part used and constituted 38.3% of total uses followed by fruits at 14.9%. Conclusions: A review of the relevant scientific literature showed that a number of medicinal plants used by the Bauri healers possess pharmacological activities, which were in line with the traditional uses, thus validating their use by the Bauri tribe.
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Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity of root bark of Grewia asiatica Linn. in rodents p. 150
Udaybhan Singh Paviaya, Parveen Kumar, Manish M Wanjari, S Thenmozhi, BR Balakrishnan
DOI:10.4103/0257-7941.122998  PMID:24501443
Background: Grewia asiatica Linn. (Family: Tiliaceae), called Phalsa in Hindi is an Indian medicinal plant used for a variety of therapeutic and nutritional uses. The root bark of the plant is traditionally used in rheumatism (painful chronic inflammatory condition). Aims: The present study demonstrates the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity of root bark of G. asiatica in rodents. Settings and Design: The methanolic extract of Grewia asiatica (MEGA) and aqueous extract of Grewia asiatica (AEGA) of the bark were prepared and subjected to phytochemical tests and pharmacological screening for analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect in rodents. Materials and Methods: Analgesic effect was studied using acetic acid-induced writhing in mice and hot plate analgesia in rats while anti-inflammatory activity was investigated using carrageenan-induced paw oedema in rats. The MEGA or AEGA was administered orally in doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg/day of body weight. Statistical Analysis: Data were analysed by one-way analysis of variance followed by Dunnett's test. Results: The extracts showed a significant inhibition of writhing response and increase in hot plate reaction time and also caused a decrease in paw oedema. The effects were comparable with the standard drugs used. Conclusions: The present study indicates that root bark of G. asiatica exhibits peripheral and central analgesic effect and anti-inflammatory activity, which may be attributed to the various phytochemicals present in root bark of G. asiatica.
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Anti-scorpion venom activity of Andrographis paniculata: A combined and comparative study with anti-scorpion serum in mice p. 156
Ranjana S Kale, Satish E Bahekar, Shailesh R Nagpure, Kartik J Salwe
DOI:10.4103/0257-7941.122999  PMID:24501444
Objectives: The objective of this study is to evaluate the anti-scorpion venom (ASV) property of Andrographis paniculata in comparison with anti-redscorpion venom serum and this study aimed to determine its combined effect with anti-redscorpion venom serum. Materials and Methods: Ethanolic extract of the plant AP was obtained using soxhlet apparatus. Swiss albino mice weighing 20-30g were used. Lyophilized venom sample of Mesobuthus tamulus and Lyophilized monovalent enzyme refined immunoglobulin anti-scorpion venom serum (ASV) was used. Using lethal dose of scorpion venom (25.12μg/g), the venom neutralizing ability of plant extract (1 g/kg) and ASV individually as well as in combination was studied using in vivo and in vitro methods. Mean survival time, protection fold and percentage survival of animals over the period of 24 h were the parameters used. Statistical Analysis: Results were analyzed using Student's t-test. Results: Ethanolic extract of AP (1 g/kg) showed some protective effect against scorpion venom. ASV was found more effective than plant extract. But, when plant extract and ASV were used in combination, potency of ASV was found to be increased both in vivo and in vitro. Conclusions: Present study demonstrates that, both plant extract and ASV have their own scorpion venom neutralising ability in vivo and in vitro, but their combination is most effective in venom neutralizing ability.
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CASE REPORT Top

An integrated approach in the treatment of varicose ulcer p. 161
Deepa Patil, Sangeeta H Jahagirdhar, Hemant D Toshikhane
DOI:10.4103/0257-7941.123000  PMID:24501445
Venous ulcers (stasis ulcers, varicose ulcers) are the wounds occurring due to inappropriate functioning of venous valves, usually of the legs. It is one of the most serious chronic venous insufficiency complications. The overall incidence rate is 0.76% in men and 1.42% in women. When a venous valve gets damaged, it prevents the backflow of blood, which causes pressure in the veins that leads to hypertension and, in turn, venous ulcers. These are mostly along the medial distal leg, which is often very painful, can bleed, and get infected. Treating varicose ulcers is a difficult task to the physician and a nightmare to the suffering patients, though a good number of the treatment principles are mentioned and practiced in allied sciences. In Ayurveda, this condition is considered as dus.t.a vran.a. It can be managed with the specific s'odhana therapy. So, the same treatment protocol was used to treat the case discussed here, i.e. with Nitya virecana and by Basti karma. The wound was successfully treated and, therefore, is discussed in detail.
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REVIEW ARTICLE Top

A review on phyto‑pharmacological potentials of Euphorbia thymifolia L. Highly accessed article p. 165
Prashant Y Mali, Shital S Panchal
DOI:10.4103/0257-7941.123001  PMID:24501446
Euphorbia thymifolia L. (Euphorbiaceae) is a small branched, hispidly pubescent, prostate annual herb, commonly known as laghududhika or choti-dudhi. The leaves, seeds and fresh juice of whole plant are used in worm infections, as stimulant, astringent. It is also used in bowel complaints and in many more diseases therapeutically. The present work is an extensive review of published literature concerning phytochemical and pharmacological potential of E. thymifolia. Data was searched and designed using various review modalities manually and using electronic search engines with reference to all aspects of E. thymifolia and was arranged chronologically. Complete information of the plant has been collected from the various books and journals since the last 32 years, internet databases, etc., were searched. Compiled data reflects the safety and therapeutic efficacy of the plant. This will be helpful for researchers to focus on the priority areas of research yet to be explored and in scientific use of the plant for its wide variety of traditional therapeutic claims and also as to find out new chemical entities responsible for its claimed traditional activities.
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BRIEF REPORT Top

Identification of bacterial endophytes associated with traditional medicinal plant Tridax procumbens Linn. p. 173
Jagadesan Preveena, Subhash J Bhore
DOI:10.4103/0257-7941.123002  PMID:24501447
Background: In traditional medicine, Tridax procumbens Linn. is used in the treatment of injuries and wounds. The bacterial endophytes (BEs) of medicinal plants could produce medicinally important metabolites found in their hosts; and hence, the involvement of BEs in conferring wound healing properties to T. Procumbens cannot be ruled out. But, we do not know which types of BEs are associated with T. procumbens. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the fast growing and cultivable BEs associated with T. procumbens. Materials and Methods: Leaves and stems of healthy T. procumbens plants were collected and cultivable BEs were isolated from surface-sterilized leaf and stem tissue samples using Luria-Bertani (LB) agar (medium) at standard conditions. A polymerase chain reaction was employed to amplify 16S rRNA coding gene fragments from the isolates. Cultivable endophytic bacterial isolates (EBIs) were identified using 16S rRNA gene nucleotide sequence similarity based method of bacterial identification. Results: Altogether, 50 culturable EBIs were isolated. 16S rRNA gene nucleotide sequences analysis using the Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) revealed identities of the EBIs. Analysis reveals that cultivable Bacillus spp., Cronobacter sakazakii, Enterobacter spp., Lysinibacillus sphaericus, Pantoea spp., Pseudomonas spp. and Terribacillus saccharophilus are associated with T. procumbens. Conclusion: Based on the results, we conclude that 24 different types of culturable BEs are associated with traditionally used medicinal plant, T. procumbens, and require further study.
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READERS VIEWPOINT / LETTERS Top

Sadyo Vamana for dental abscess p. 178
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
DOI:10.4103/0257-7941.123003  PMID:24501448
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BOOK REVIEW Top

The Pathyāpathyaviniścaya of Viśvanātha Sena p. 179
P Ram Manohar
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INSTITUTE DIARY Top

Fundación de Salud Ayurveda Prema: 14 years of postgraduate Ayurvedic education in Argentina p. 182
Jorge Luis Berra, Rosana Molho
DOI:10.4103/0257-7941.123005  PMID:24501449
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