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   2002| January-March  | Volume 21 | Issue 3  
    Online since November 11, 2011

 
 
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ARTICLES
Antimicrobial activity of the mycotoxin citrinin obtained from the fungus Penicillium citrinum
Papiya Mitra Mazumder, Rupa Mazumder, A Mazumder, DS Sasmal
January-March 2002, 21(3):191-197
The mycotoxin Citrinin was obtained from the fungus Penicillium citrinum. It was tested for it's Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC)  against some gram positive strains viz. Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus subtillis, Bacillus cereus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Lactobacillus arabinosus and gram negative strains E.Coli, Shigella dysenteriae, shigella sonnei, shigella boydii, Salmonella typhimurium, Proteus mirabilis and Vibrio cholerae. Further the zones of inhibition produced by the fungal extract against the bacterial strains were assayed and compared with those produced by the standard antibiotic ciprofloxacin.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  488 53 -
Stansardisation of Sringa bhasma
A Rajasekaran, S Murugesan
January-March 2002, 21(3):167-169
Sringa Bhasma is an Ayurvedic medicine prescribed mainly for asthma. Physico chemical studies and thin layer chromatography for this medicine was worked out to laydown standards. The evolved parameters can be used for prescribing dependable standards to this medicine.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  466 66 -
Using herbal tea in the treatment modality: Special reference to slirntea in overweight individuals
TJ Vidya, Kala Suhas Kulkarni
January-March 2002, 21(3):202-204
Herbal tea blends were famed since ancient times for their medicinal value. There are many weight management methods available including certain drugs, which are however associated with side effects. Herb teas are an easy, safe and effective method for weight control. SlimTea is an herbal tea prepared by the Himalaya Drug company that offers an easy method of weight management in overweight individuals. A study with a group of 35 volunteers between 30-40 years of age and about 4-6 kgs overweight were treated with 2 cups of SlimTea daily, for a period of two months. Initial weight of each individual was compared with the weight at the end of the study. Results indicated a reduction in body weight by 2 kgs, along with decreased edema and a feeling of heaviness of the body. The herbal tea was accepted comfortably without side effects. Hence, SlimTea can be consumed for weight management.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  484 40 -
Review on phytochemical and medicinal aspects of Jussiaea suferuticosa Linn
T Murugesan, Sanghamitra Sinha, M Pal, BP Saha
January-March 2002, 21(3):205-207
The whole plant of Jussiaea suffruticosa Linn. Has been widely used in traditional medicine of India. Important bioactive molecules of the plant extract have been explored with modern phytochemical approaches and reported to consist of betulinic acid, quercetin and β- sitosterol. Furthermore, the experimental data obtained from rational clinical studies indicated that the methanol extract of the whole plant has found to possess potent anti-HIV, anti-diabetic, anti-diarrheal, anti- inflammatory, anti-pyretic, diuretic and psychopharmacological activities in several animal models. This paper reveales the phytochemical and clinical importance of the plant extract.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  466 49 -
Rational use of Ayurvedic literaature for drug development
Deepa Arora, Mukeshkumar
January-March 2002, 21(3):182-187
Research in Ayurveda for lead structures has continued to be an area of major scientific interest with investigators engaged in drug development. The exhaustive information available in Ayurvedic literature provides a drug researcher the opportunity to start with a well tested and safe botanical material. However, an inappropriate interpretation of Ayurvedic texts can lead to research in a wrong direction which may present as lack of effectivity or serious adverse effects with herb under investigation. The problems faced in the selection of medicinal plants, underlying cases and the possible solutions have been discussed in the following article.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  436 43 -
Antimicrobial activity of selected herbal extracts
K Gowthamarajan, T Giriraj Kulkarni, N Mahadevan, K Santhi, B Suresh
January-March 2002, 21(3):188-190
Methanolic extract of oleoresins of Araucaria bidwilli Hook: and aerial parts of Cytisus scoparius Linn. Were screened for antimicrobial activity against two bacterial strains-Bacillus subtilis (Gram Positive) and Escherichia coli (Gem negative), and two fungal strains – Candida albicans and crytococcus neoformans by two-fold serial dilution technique. The results showed that all the microorganisms used were sensitive to the extracts. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC ) for A. bidwilli were found to be 31.25 μg/ml for Bacillus subtilis and 500 μg/ml for all other organisms used in the study. In case of C. Scoparius, the MIC  values were 250 μg/ml for B. Subtilis and 500 μg/ml for all the other strains used. However, in comparison the ampicillin (MIC: 62.5 μg/ml), and Amphotericin- B(MIC : 125 μg/ml ), the activities of both the extracts were less except A. bidwilli against B.Subtilis.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  430 42 -
Antimicrobial action of the leaf extract of Lagerstroemia parviflora Roxb
A Mazumder, SK Singn, R Mazumder, SP Basu, BP Saha
January-March 2002, 21(3):198-201
The benzene extract of the leaves of Lagerstroemia paviflora Roxb was tested for its Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) against Gram Positive Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Lactobacillus arabinosus and gram negative strains E.Coli, Shigella dysenteriae, shigella sonnei, shigella boydii, Salmonella typhimurium, Proteus mirabilis and Vibrio cholerae. Further the zones of inhibition Produced by the crude extract against four selected bacterial strains were measured and compared with those produced by the standard antibiotic Ciprofloxacin against the same bacterial strains.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  421 51 -
Antibacterial activity of root extract of Trianthema decandra
A Jaswanth, K Jagannathan, S Jerry Heisonrobert, V Loganathan, S Manimaran, K Ruckmani
January-March 2002, 21(3):158-159
Methanolic extract of Trianthema decandra was investigated for its antibacterial activity against staphylococcus aureus (NCIM 2079) , Escherichia coli (NCIM 2065) , Bacillus subtilis (NCIM 2063) , Pseudomonas aeruginosa (NICIM 2036)  and Proteus vulgaris (NICIM 2027)  at 100 μg/disc using disc diffusion method. The extract showed significant antibacterial activity and were comparable to Chloramphenicol (30/ μg/disc). Our findings confirm the traditional therapeutic claims for this herb.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  422 39 -
Standardisation and quality evaluation of Euphorbin nivulia buch.Ham
GV Joseph, Vnod Drangari
January-March 2002, 21(3):160-166
Present paper deals with the macroscopic, microscopic, preliminary phytochemical and anti-inflammatory activity studies of the leaves of E.nivulia Buch. Ham. Leaves are linear oblanceolate or spathulate in shape with narrowly by cunative base. A pair of spins inserted on flat brown or black corky areas of the stem. In the mid rib non-articulated laticifers are distributed around the vascular bundle. Entire mesophyll consists of thin walled irregular shaped parenchyma cells. At the leaf margin it is replaced with lamellar type collenchyma tissue. Ethanol (50%) extract of the leaf when it was tested for it's anti-inflammatory activity; to the extent of 39.6%.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  420 36 -
Modern propagation techniques- A conservaion tool for certain endemic medicinal plants in Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
S Paulsamy, K Arumugasamy
January-March 2002, 21(3):170-172
There plant species of medicinal and vegatational fire break importance such as Berberis tinctoria, Elaegnus kologa and Rhodomyrtus tomentosa were identified in Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and their eco-physiological behaviors were analysed. The study revealed that generally all the there species were having shorter period of seed dormacy, poor viability of seeds and higher mortality of saplings. These poor eco-physiological features are the major factors for their limited distribution, lesser population and weaker establishment. Hence to overcome these factors the modern reproductive strategies like tissue culture techniques are suggested.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  397 58 -
Traditional use of family loranthaceae form Western Maharashtra, India
DK Kulkarni, M Skumbhojkar
January-March 2002, 21(3):178-181
Family Loranthaceae is charactherized by parasitic nature of its species. Tribal people give importance to members of this family for their wild edible, medicinal values and withcraft and superstitious uses. In this connection, ethnobotanical survey among Mahadeokoli tribe was carried out in five districts namely Ahmadnagar, Nasik, Pune, Raigad and Thane. Information collected during field survey in Western maharashtra as well as from ancient literature is presented in this paper.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  399 46 -
Traditional treatment of ulcer throcuh medicinal plants in rural Uttar Pradesh, India
M Badruzzaman Siddqui
January-March 2002, 21(3):208-211
The paper deals with some important medicinal plants growing in Aligarh, Sitapur and Hardoi districts of Uttar Pradesh province used for the treatment of Gastric, petic and Callous ulcers. 26 species belonging to 17 families are reported along with doses and mode of administration.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  392 45 -
Role of rasayana remedies in the management of ageing and related disorders with special reference to mental health
RK Yadava, KC Audichya
January-March 2002, 21(3):173-177
Full text not available  [PDF]
  284 49 -
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