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ARTICLE
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-38

Contribution of Kautilya Arthasashtra towards Dravyaguna, Rasasastra and Bhaishajyakalpana branches of ayurvedic medicine


1 Research officer (Ay), Assistant Director-in-charge, Regional Research Institut(Ay), Vijayawada - 520010, India
2 Assistant Director-in-charge, Regional Research Institut(Ay), Vijayawada - 520010, India
3 Managing trustee of Dr. Achanta Lakshmipathi Ayurveda library and Member Ethical committee, Regional Research Institut(Ay), Vijayawada - 520010, India

Correspondence Address:
Goli Penchala Prasad
Research officer (Ay), Assistant Director-in-charge, Regional Research Institut(Ay), Vijayawada - 520010
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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It is believed Kautilya , whose name was Vishnugupta  and is popular as Chanakya  (The son of Chanaka) wrote Arthasastra . This article is mainly based on Kautilya's Arthasastra,  translated by R. Shamasastry. In the preface of 1st  to 5th  edition of this text, the translator Dr. R. Shamasastry tried to clarify the uncertainty regarding the name of the author and the time of the text. Kamandaka and Dandi quotation support the time of this treatise somewhere between 321 and 300 B.C. These quotations also support the authorship of Vishnugupta. According to Kadambari, the author of Arthasastra was Kautilya  and according to Manu and Dharmasastras, Chanakya  had written this Arthasastra . Though there are some controversies regarding the name of the author and time of this text, translator R. Shamasastry tried his level best in providing proper support for naming this text as Kautilya's Arthasastra  as the original available manuscript contains the name of Kautilya  at the end of each of the hundred and fifty chapters of the work. Still there is controversy regarding the exact time of this text. If views of many scholars is considered, time of the text can be placed between 3rd  century B.C. to 3rd  century A.D. This translated original text contains 15 books (Basic discussions of the text), 150 chapters, 180 sections and 6000 Slokas  (Thirty two syllables are considered as one Sloka ).


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