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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 171-180

Abhraka Bhasma treatment ameliorates proliferation of germinal epithelium after heat exposure in rats


1 Department of Biological Sciences, Ramniranjan Jhunjhunwala College, Mumbai, India
2 Department of Zoology, Sterling College, Mumbai, India
3 Department of Zoology, Khalsa College, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Babita S Bhatia
Plot No. 139, G 1/3, Sector 21, Nerul, Navi Mumbai - 400 706
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0257-7941.107350

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This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effect of Abhraka Bhasma on spermatogenesis in heat-damaged testis. A histological analysis over the sukravaha srotomula (testes) of male albino Wistar rat was carried out in order to examine the potency of the test drug in preventing the organ from heat damage. The current experiment was carried out on 32 healthy adult male albino Wistar rats divided into four groups. Sahastraputi Abhraka Bhasma, subjected to 1000 putas, was used as the test drug. On sacrificing the animals after 30 days, it was observed that control animals (G1) had normal spermatogenesis and drug-induced animals (G2) showed hyperactive tubules. Testicular hyperthermia occurred in few (G3) animals, who were subjected to 43°C for 1 h daily for four consecutive weeks, resulting in degeneration of tubules with inspissated spermatozoa (25%) leading to atrophy of the organ. 3% tubules showed disintegration, 23% were in the recovery stage while 71% tubules exhibited enhanced proliferation of germinal epithelium leading to hypertrophy and hyperplasia. The present study reveals that the test drug can correct heat-induced male infertility and provides us with the possibility of treatment of human heat-induced oligozoospermia and azoospermia. Hence, this ayurvedic maharasa (primary mineral) can be a promising formulation as an anti-impotency fecundity drug.


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