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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-10

Botanical identity of plant sources of Daśamūla drugs through an analysis of published literature

Centre For Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacology, Centre For Ism Informatics, Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine (Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions), Banglaore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Padma Venkatasubramanian
Director, Institute of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions, No. 74/2, Jarakabande Kaval, Post Attur, via Yelahanka, Bangalore - 560 106, Karnataka
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Source of Support: National Medicinal Plants Board, New Delhi, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0257-7941.113790

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Background: Daśamūla (DM) is a top-traded group of medicinal plants used by the Ayurvedic industry. Through literature survey and analysis, this article has enlisted the botanical sources of DM, as correlated by several scholars. Such a list is not available from any single, earlier publication. It brings to light the confusion that exists in terms of botanical sources correlated to Ayurvedic entities. There is quite a bit of difference in the botanical correlation, parts, and substitutes reported in the different scholarly works, particularly for Pṛṣṇiparī, and Agnimantha. For e.g., is Uraria picta the original intended Pṛṣṇiparī, as the Ayurvedic Formulary of India (AFI) stipulates or is it U. lagopoidiodes or Desmodium gangeticum as other scholars report? While AFI provides two botanical correlations to Agnimantha in its two editions, namely Premna integrifolia and Clerodendrum phlomidis, other scholars correlate it to other Premna and Clerodendrum species. Why has AFI provided stem bark and whole plant as substitutes for roots of DM? Are substitutes recommended by AFI only for ecological or practical convenience or is there an Ayurvedic or pharmacological explanation for the same? Aim: There are many species used in the name of Daśamūla,, in this article all the species are listed out to find the differences in the usage of the drugs. Materials and Methods: Ayurveda texts and lexicons along with the texts which have done correlation work were considered to arrive at a list of various species used as Dasmula. Results and Conclusion: Since neither the methodology nor the logic behind the correlation have been discussed in these scholarly works, including the AFI, the same is not available for analysis or scrutiny. Such a list as provided in this article can form an essential base for a much needed systematic approach at etymological analysis, botanical correlation, and further scientific work to establish legitimacy of substitutes prescribed.

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