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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-41

Pharmacognostical Standardization of Upodika- Basella alba L.: An Important Ayurvedic Antidiabetic Plant

1 From the Regional Ayurveda Research Institute for Metabolic Disorders, Drug Standardization Research Unit, Jayanagar, Bengaluru, India
2 Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, Ministry of AYUSH, Government of , New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
T R Shantha
Standardization Research Unit, National Ayurveda Dietetics Research Institute, CCRAS, Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India, Jayanagar - 560 011, Bengaluru
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0257-7941.195411

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Objective: To establish the pharmacognostic standards for the correct identification and standardization of an important Antidiabetic plant described in Ayurveda. Materials and Methods: Standardization was carried out on the leaf and stem of Basella alba L. with the help of the macro-morphological, microscopic, physicochemical and qualitative phytochemical studies. Results: Several specific characters were identified viz. clustered calcium oxalate crystals in the cortex region, absence of trichomes, succulent, thick, mucilaginous, fibrous stem. Rubiaceous type of stomata on both sides of the leaf. Quantitative microscopy along with physicochemical and qualitative phytochemical analysis were also established. Conclusion: The pharmacognostic standards could serve as the reference for the proper identification of the Basella alba L. which is an important anti-diabetic plant described in Ayurveda.

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