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   1995| April-June  | Volume 14 | Issue 4  
    Online since November 11, 2011

 
 
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ARTICLES
Multicentric, placebo-controlled, randomised double-blind evaluation of a new herbal cream in Vagial infections
P Usha Rani, MU Naidu, GA Rama Raju, G Shobha, T Ramesh Kumar Rao, JC Shobha, T Vijay Kumar
April-June 1995, 14(4):212-224
Efficacyand safety of a new herbal cream containing aqueous extracts of Azadirachta indica, Curcuma longa, Pongamia glabra, Glycyrrihiza glabra and Santallum album were evaluated in amulticentric, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. With active drug treatment, there was significant improvement in various signs like redness, oedema and symptoms like itching, burning, discharge and discomfort, compared to placebo treatment. Microscopic examination of smear and culture showed significant reduction of offending organisms after treatment with active drug. In patient's global evaluation, active drug was rated 70% as very good and in investigators evaluation 82% as very effective and effective. The overall efficacy was as high as 76% with active drug as against only 24% with placebo. Both active drug and placebo were well tolerated.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  552 58 -
Pharmacognosy of Nepeta cataria
Manisha Sarkar, Rajat Rashmi, Vikramaditya , PN Varma
April-June 1995, 14(4):225-234
Nepeta cataria Linn (Family Labiatae), commonly known as catnip, is a herbaceous plant and is a native of southeast Europe, Orient, Southwest Asia and Western temperate Himalayas. Leaves and flowering tops, which contain tannin and volatile oil are aromatic, carminative, tonic, diaphoretic, refrigerant, emmenagogue, antiseptic, stimulant and useful in infantile colic and hysteria. Leaves are deltoid-oval with double layers of palisade, petiole about as long as blade, arc shaped in t.s., having vascular bundle flanked by 2 smaller bundles in two projection; stem hollow in the middle; leaves, petioles and stems contain glandular and uniseriate, multicellular non glandular hairs; TLC of alcoholic extract in Benzene: Chloroform (1:1) shows 8 spots and UV absorbance shows strong peak at 212 nm; extractive values and ash values were also determined.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  532 55 -
Anti-pyretic activity of some plants in female Albino rats: A preliminary report
B Suresh, S Dhanasekaran, K Elango, M Sethuraman, S Rajan
April-June 1995, 14(4):253-257
Ethanolic extracts of Ailanthus exceisa (AE). Toddalia asiatica (TA) and Araucaria bidwilli (AB) were screened by the anti-pyretic activity in yeast induced hyperthermic test model in the laboratory. Dose of AE (100), TA (60) and AB (30) mg., equivalent of the plant material per kg. Body weight of the extracts were administered orally to the female albino rats. Acute toxicity and preliminary phytochemical screening were conducted for all the extracts. LD 50 values on oral administration of the extracts were found to be AE (1000), AB (350) and TA (250) mg. per kg. body weight respectively. Both the root and aerial part fractions of TA displayed a pronounced anti-pyretic activity comparable to the standard drug paracetamol. AB oleoresin fraction was also found to show anti-pyretic effect. These observations however, confirm the folk-medical practices still prevailing among the tribes.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  530 47 -
Survey on medicinal spices of The Nilgiris
K Viswanathan
April-June 1995, 14(4):258-267
A survey is made on the medicinal spices of the Nilgiris. Totally, there are 25 species available in various parts of the Nilgiris and they belong to 16 different families of angiosperms. Gudalur, Kothagiri, Kookalthorai, Aruvankadu, Coonoor, Burliar, Masinagudi and Ootacamund are some of the important places in the Nilgiris have a variety of medicinal properties that are put to use in homoeopathic and ayurvedic preparations.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  515 45 -
Antimicrobial properties of ixora coccinea L. (Rubiaceae)
PG Latha, TK Abraham, KR Panikkar
April-June 1995, 14(4):286-291
Antimicrobial activity was detected in the 50% ethanolic extract of Ixora coccinea. The effective inhibitory concentration of the extract against both the bacterial test organisms and the fungal test organisms studied was 125 ug mL -1, beyond which the inhibitory activity declined and the organisms started reviving from the effect of the antimicrobial principle.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  486 52 -
Degenerative diseases - An Ayurvedic perspective
KM Shyam Sundar
April-June 1995, 14(4):268-275
The author presents in this article the ayurvedic explanation for the genesis of degenerative diseases.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  469 48 -
Comparative efficacy of four antimicrobials against Keratophilic fungi
MK Rai, S Qureshi
April-June 1995, 14(4):281-285
Comparative efficacy of miconazole nitrate, graphite, Thuja and Chrysorobin ointments was assessed against three keratinophillic fungi, viz., Trichophyton terrestris, Chrysosporium tropicum and Microsporum gypseum. All the test fungi were sensitive to the anti microbials tested in the present study. Miconazole nitrate, showed the maximum activity followed by Graphite, and Thuja, whereas the minimum inhibition was exhibited by Chrysorobin. Among all the test fungi, T. terrestris was found to be the most sensitive fungus while M. gypseum showed the least activity.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  471 39 -
Detection of Acorus calamus in Ayurvedic preparations
A Thankamma, LG Radhika, C Soudamini
April-June 1995, 14(4):276-280
Standardization of ayurvedic drugs has become necessary as in all other walks of life. This paper deals with the detection of Acorus calamus in Ayurvedic preparations. It is one of the most commonly used ingredients in ayurvedic preparations. This layer chromatographic technique was used for detection. Two solvent systems were developed and the spots were visualized in iodine vapour. The spot of Rf 0.85 in I and 0.70 in (ii) obtained for Acorus calamus was present in all the finished products, taken thus showing the present of Acorus calamus in the finished products. Co. T.L.C. was done to confirm the observation. This was further confirmed by testing o market samples containing Acorus calamus.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  447 60 -
Propagation of Andrographis lineata Nees by stem cuttings
S Balu, C Algesaboopathi
April-June 1995, 14(4):235-239
Androgaphis lineate Nees., an important tribal medicinal plant of the Shevaroy Hill was noted to be restricted in its distribution due to biotic pressure. The species was successfully propagated by stem cuttings in its habitat. The percentage establishment of stem cuttings was 67.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  451 41 -
Ayurvedic concept of food in pregnancy
M Dwivedi
April-June 1995, 14(4):245-247
Food is given great importance in Ayurveda. Dietetics is a pre-requisite to leading a healthy life. The author outlines the significance of this point in the article.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  444 48 -
Cultivation of Silybum marianum Gaertn., A promising medicinal plant
BK Kapahi, TN Srivastava, S S Balyan, YK Sarin
April-June 1995, 14(4):240-244
Full text not available  [PDF]
  317 51 -
BOOK REVIEW
Books Review
TS Salim
April-June 1995, 14(4):292-293
Full text not available  [PDF]
  303 35 -
ARTICLES
The changes in various tissues components of Setaria digitata exposed to the methanol extract of Strebulus asper
Annie Mathai, KS Devi
April-June 1995, 14(4):248-252
Full text not available  [PDF]
  296 38 -
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